Wednesday, 16 April 2014



1. It was difficult to deliver the letter (because) the sender had written the wrong address on the envelope
2. We decided to leave early (because) the party was boring.
3. Rescue attempts were temporarily halted (because of) the bad weather.
4. They visited their friends often (because) they enjoyed their company.
5. Paul cannot go to the football game (because of) his grades.
6. Marcella was awarded a scholarship (because of) her superior scholastic ability.
7. Nobody ventured outdoors (because of) the hurricane warnings.
8. We plan to spend our vacation in the mountains (because) the air is purer there.
9. We have to drive around the bay (because) the bridge was destroyed in the strom.
10. The chickens have died (because of) the intense beat.


1. The sun shone (so) brightly that Maria had to put on her sunglasses.
2. Dean was (such) a powerful swimmer that he always won the races.
3. There were (so) few students registered that the calss was cancelled.
4. We had (such) wonderful memories of that place that we decided to return.
5. We had (such) good a time at the party that we hated to leave.
6. the benefit was (such) great success that the promoters decided to repeat it.
7. It was (such) a nice day that we decided to go to the beach.
8. Jane looked (so) sick that the nurse told her to go home.
9. Those were (such) difficult assignments that we spent two weeks finishing them.
10. Ray called at (such) an early hour that we weren't awake yet.
11. The book looked (so) interesting that he decided to read it.
12. He worked (so) carefully that it took him a long time to complete the project.
13. We stayed in the sun for (such) a long time we became sunburned.
14. There were (so) many people on the bus that we decided to walk.
15. The Program was (so) entertaining that nobody wanted to miss it.


Subordinating Connectors connect a dependent clause and an independent clause and establish a relationship between them. They happen at the beginning of a sentences (with a comma in the middle separating the clauses) or in the middle of a sentence with no comma.

So, basically, a subordinate connectors will connect a main clause and a subordinate one. If the main clause comes first in the sentence it won’t be separated from the subordinate clause by a comma. If the subordinate clause comes first, then we will separate the clauses with a comma.
after if though although
if only till as in order that
unless as if now that until
as long as once when as though
rather than whenever because since
where before so that whereas
even if than wherever even though
that that while

The most common subordinating connectors are:
After - later than the time that : later than when.
Example: “Call me after you arrive at work”

Although - despite the fact that : used to introduce a fact that makes another fact unusual or surprising.
Example: “Although she was tired, she couldn’t sleep”

As - used to introduce a statement which indicates that something being mentioned was known, expected, etc.
Example: “As we explained last class, coordinating conjunctions are sentence connectors”

Because - for the reason that.
Example: “I painted the house because it was a horrible colour”

Before - earlier than the time that : earlier than when.
Example: “Come and visit me before you leave”

How - in what manner or way.
Example: “Let me show you how to knit”

If -used to talk about the result or effect of something that may happen or be true.
Example: “It would be fantastic if you could come to the party”

Once - at the moment when : as soon as.
Example: “Once you’ve learnt how to cycle, it’s very easy”

Since - used to introduce a statement that explains the reason for another statement.
Example: “Since you’ve studied so well, you can go outside and play”

Than - used to introduce the second or last of two or more things or people that are being compared — used with the comparative form of an adjective or adverb.
Example: “My sister is older than I am”

That - used to introduce a clause that states a reason or purpose.
Example: “Olivia is so happy that it’s summer again”

When - at or during the time that something happened.
Example: “A teacher is good when he inspires his students”

Where - at or in the place that something happened.
Example: “We went to the bar where there most shade”

Whether -used to indicate choices or possibilities.
Example: “Bruno wasn’t sure whether to go to India or Thailand”

While - during the time that something happened”
Example: “While we were in Paris, it snowed”

Until - up to the time or point that something happened”
Example: “We stayed up talking until the sun came up”

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